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    Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum)

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    sesrocker
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    Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum)

    Post by sesrocker on April 27th 2009, 19:57



    Scientific Name: Ambystoma mexicanum
    Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
    Class: Amphibia
    Order: Caudata
    Family: Ambystomatidae
    Genus: Ambystoma

    Physical Characteristics
    A sexually-mature adult axolotl, at age 18-24 months, ranges in length from 15ľ45 centimetres (5.9ľ18 in), although a size close to 23 centimetres (9.1 in) is most common and greater than 30 centimetres (12 in) is rare. Axolotls possess features typical of salamander larvae, including external gills and a caudal fin extending from behind the head to the vent. Their heads are wide, and their eyes are lidless. Their limbs are underdeveloped and possess long, thin digits. Males are identified by their swollen cloacae lined with papillae, while females are noticeable for their wider bodies full of eggs.

    Habitat
    The axolotl is only native to Lake Xochimilco and Lake Chalco in central Mexico. Unfortunately for the axolotl, Lake Chalco no longer exists as it was drained by humans to avoid periodic flooding, and Lake Xochimilco remains a diminished glimpse of its former self, existing mainly as canals. The wild population has been put under heavy pressure by the growth of Mexico City. Axolotls are also sold as food in Mexican markets, and were a staple in the Aztec diet.

    Diet
    The axolotl is carnivorous, consuming small prey such as worms, insects, and small fish in the wild. Axolotls locate food by smell, and will "snap" at any potential meal, sucking the food into their stomachs with vacuum force.

    Captivity
    In laboratory colonies, adult axolotls are often housed three to a one gallon container, and water changes are performed more regularly. Salts, such as Holtfreter's solution, are usually added to the water to prevent infection. In captivity, axolotls eat a variety of readily available foods, including trout and salmon pellets, frozen or live bloodworms, earthworms, and waxworms.

    chntalx

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    Re: Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum)

    Post by chntalx on April 10th 2014, 07:32

    Where to download ??

      Current date/time is December 15th 2017, 23:27